Here is the link to the significant events in the life of Rizal. Walk through:
Here is the link to the significant events in the life of Rizal. Walk through:
Excerpts of the Manifesto of Rizal
”Fellow countrymen: Upon my return from Spain I learned that my name was being used as a rallying cry by some who had taken up arms. This information surprised and grieved me but thinking that the whole affair was finished, I refrained from commenting on something that could no longer be remedied. Now, rumors reach me that the disturbances have not ceased. It may be that persons continue to use my name in good or in bad faith; if so, wishing to put a stop to this abuse and to undeceive the gullible, I hasten to address these lines to you that the truth may be known. From the very beginning, when I first received information of what was being planned, I opposed it, I fought against it, and I made clear that it was absolutely impossible. This is the truth, and they are still alive who can bear witness to my words. I was convinced that the very idea was wholly absurd — worse than absurd, it was disastrous. I did more than this. When later on, in spite of my urgings, the uprising broke out, I came forward voluntarily to offer not only my services but my life and even my good name in order that they may use me in any manner they may think opportune to smother the rebellion. For I was convinced of the evils which that rebellion would bring in its train, and so I considered it a privilege if at whatever sacrifice I could ward off so much useless suffering. This is also of record.
“Fellow countrymen: I have given many proofs that I desire as much as the next man liberties for our country; I continue to desire them. But I laid down as a prerequisite the education of the people in order that by means of such instruction, and by hard work, they may acquire a personality of their own and so become worthy of such liberties. In my writings I have recommended study and the civic virtues, without which no redemption is possible. I have also written (and my words have been repeated by others) that reforms, if they are to bear fruit, must come from above, for reforms that come from below are upheavals both violent and transitory. Thoroughly imbued with these ideas, I cannot do less than condemn, as I do condemn, this ridiculous and barbarous uprising, plotted behind my back, which both dishonors us Filipinos and discredits those who might have taken our part. I abominate the crimes for which it is responsible and I will have no part in it. With all my heart I am sorry for those who have rashly allowed themselves to be deceived. Let them, then, return to their homes, and may God pardon those who have acted in bad faith.”
SOURCE: https://withonespast.wordpress.com/2011/08/19/the-rizal-manifesto/; Accessed on April 26, 2017.
Retracted?! Yes or No?
Comments on the text:
The action in the last three chapters of John takes place in less than 24 hours. Starting John 18, Jesus is arrested, brought to trial and sentenced to death.
In his trial before Pilate, we see a confrontation between the nature of the kingdom that Jesus inaugurated and kingdoms of the world like the Roman Empire as represented by its governor in Jerusalem. “Are you king of the Jews?” was the one question Pilate was interested in. “Take him and judge him by your own laws,” was his initial reply to the temple police of Caiaphas who brought Jesus to him. Quite rightly, he refused to be party to what he considered to be internal religious wranglings among these troublesome Jews. But the claim that he is ‘king of the Jews’ is potentially subversive, for many rebels like Barabbas had tried to overthrow Roman rule, and Jesus had been gossiped about as the messiah who would wrest control from the colonial rulers
and restore the long-decayed dynasty of their great king David.
“Is that your own idea,” Jesus asked, “or did others talk to you about me?” To which Pilate replied, “Am I a Jew? Your own people and the chief priests brought you to me. What have you done?”
When pressed to make a stand on the question of Jesus’ kingship, Pilate evades the question. Instead, he narrows the issue to whatever it was that Jesus has done to make him politically liable. In turn, Jesus does not directly admit to being a king, which in effect could make him vulnerable to charges of supplanting the Caesars.
“My kingship is not of this world. If it were, my servants would fight, that I might not be handed over to the Jews. But my kingship is not from the world.”
“You are a king, then!” says Pilate.
“You are right in saying I am a king. In fact, for this reason I was born, and for this I came into the world, to testify to the truth. Everyone on the side of truth listens to me.” To which Pilate, like all sophisticated, world-weary cynics, replies: “What is truth?”
Implications on issues of our time
In this trial, we see Jesus eventually charged, not with what the Jews consider a spiritually heinous sin: Jesus blasphemously claiming to be God, — but with a political one: Jesus affirming before secular powers that he indeed is king, and the truth of this is universal, of significance not only to the tribal religion of the Jews. It lays claim to the allegiance even of Pilate, who represented the most powerful empire of the time.
“We have no king but Caesar!” was the cry of the mob. Ironically, the Jews, most recalcitrant among Rome’s colonized peoples because of their zealousness in guarding their religious rights, resorted to the political arm of an ungodly Empire to execute the Son of David, the messiah that for so long they have longed for.
That Jesus’ kingdom is ‘not of this world’ means that we cannot fully identify it with any political movement, ideology or party. This kingdom comes ‘from another place.’ The nature of this kingdom is such that there is both an affirming and critiquing element that upholds those on the side of the good, and exposes to light those on the side of evil, even when it wears the appearance of goodness.
At the same time, Jesus’ kingdom is ‘in the world,’ palpably present in our time, even when often, we do not see it. It surfaces when people who are genuinely citizens of the kingdom stand up for the cause of justice and right, no matter how lonely or in the minority.
History has many witnesses to this truth. A black seamstress, Rosa Sparks, refused to surrender her seat to a white passenger on a segregated bus in Montgomery, Alabama in 1955. This sparked a 381-day Bus Boycott that led to nationwide efforts to end segregation in public facilities and helped launch the American civil rights movement in the 1960s.
Today, Lourdes Sereno, also a woman and the youngest to sit as Philippine Chief Justice, is besieged by overwhelming forces that seek to get her out of the way so as to replace the rule of law in this country by one-man rule.
Depending on how the churches respond, her struggle can become the tipping point, used by God to raise a tidal wave of change that will sweep this nation, or just one more case of
the churches failing to seize the opportunity to be salt and light in an utterly corrupt country.
In the end, Pilate is right in sensing that if Jesus truly is king over his supposed followers, such a hidden kingdom is a threat to the Caesars and will eventually become visible in its effects, turning the empire upside down.
Clarity and discernment on what the Filipino Church can do in the light of the assault on the integrity of our institutions as highlighted by the charges against the Chief Justice. Pray that she will have her day in court, that the quo warranto will not prosper and her case will be elevated to the Senate for a fair impeachment trial.
Justice for all who have been unjustly killed in the drug campaign and those who suffer and get clapped to jail because they happened to oppose such killings.
The hand of God to descend and remove from office those who use state power to silence and eliminate dissenters by legal technicalities.
Do you know of anyone in your church or in your community who has been unjustly held or killed for drug use or any alleged crime?
Support the grieving families by getting to know them, praying for them and mobilizing the gifts and professional training of your church members and making these available to help in whatever way their grievances can be redressed.
This passage is sandwiched between the second announcement of Jesus that he will suffer and die and his teaching that to be great in the kingdom of heaven, one needs the humility of a helplessly dependent child.
The temple tax of half a shekel is required annually of every adult male Jew for the upkeep of the temple. (Exodus 30.13-15) The half-shekel is the equivalent of two drachma in Greek coinage, and the four-drachma coin found in the mouth of the fish is good for two
persons. It is roughly equal to four days of a laborer’s wages.
Jesus’ question to Peter, “From whom do the kings of the earth collect duty and taxes – from their own sons or from others?” has behind it the Roman Empire’s practice of exempting its ‘sons’ – or citizens — from taxes and collecting only from its allies, provinces and satellite kingdoms.
Jesus as ‘son’ of God and as one even greater than the temple is under no obligation to pay the temple tax. (Mt. 12.6) But so as not to cause offense, he instructs Peter to go to the lake. Out of the mouth of the first fish he catches, he will find the coin which is enough for paying the tax for both of them.
It is often said that Jesus was indifferent to the politics of his time and did not engage the despotic colonial rulers who represented Rome. While this is true, it is not because he was indifferent, but because he lived in a time when absolute rule was the norm, and he was, like his contemporaries, subject to the laws of both the Jews and the Roman Empire.
This line of thinking fails to recognize an important meaning of the incarnation, that Jesus as a human being was subject to the circumstances in which he was placed historically.
Quite willingly, he made himself subject to the cleansing ritual of baptism, sign of Israel’s repentance, even if, as John the Baptist himself said, “I need to be baptized by you, and do you come to me?” To which Jesus replies, “Let it be so now; it is proper for us to do this to fulfill all righteousness.” (Matthew 3.13-15)
Even if Jesus is Son of the Most High, he was prepared to be subject to the customary laws of Jew and Gentile. To the temple authorities he paid his tax, just like any devout Jew. To the ungodly Caesars, he ruled that they be paid their dues. Note, however, that this submission to state and religious authority does not mean uncritical obedience. Jesus was not afraid of confronting the powers. He denounced the Pharisees and teachers of the law as hypocrites and directed to them his most biting criticism and rebuke. (Matthew 23.13 ff.). When Herod tried to run him out of town, he said “Go, tell
that fox, ‘I will drive out demons and heal people today and tomorrow, and on the third day I will reach my goal.” (Luke 13.32) Jesus will do what he sets out to do, and at his own time. Because Jesus became just like us, he was prepared to fulfill all the duties required of a Jew who is subject both to God and to an alien empire. But because his kingdom is from somewhere else, he took issue with earthly powers whenever their kind of governance ran counter to that of his.
Today, we are also faced with the challenge of discerning when to be subject to human authorities and when to raise our voices in prophetic critique in obedience to a higher Power before whom all are accountable.
Christians in government like Chief Justice Sereno who will have similar courage to be both supportive of the state when it acts according to the rule of law, and prophetically subversive of forces that seek to undermine justice and righteousness in our governance.
Discernment among the leaders of our churches as they guide the flock in making right political choices.
Gather the members of your church who are in government and get to know their responsibilities, and encourage them as they face challenges and opportunities to influence their branch of government for good. Help them discern when to be obedient to their bosses and when to challenge the practices and systems at work in their offices. Pray for them and support them in whatever way possible.